IDC Services: Consultants and Practitioners


Resettlement Action Plans (RAPs)

Using International Best Practice Safeguards

RAP Scope

IDC follows international best practice guidelines such as IFC Performance standards. As part oft this, IDC carries out socio-economic and spatial scoping to recommend ways to avoid or minimise involuntary resettlement in the land acquisition process.

Participatory Solutions

IDC works closely with individuals, households and communities to develop appropriate solutions to ensure resettlement maximises the opportunities to improve lives and livelihoods, as well as to support the most vulnerable.

Monitoring & Evaluation

IDC undertakes independent audits on RAPs and all related interventions to ensure that the Project Affected Peoples (PAPS) are no worse off after resettlement and that lives and livelihoods have improved; making recommendations to address any issues arising.

RAP Asset Census

IDC works with surveyors and valuers to ensure that the international safeguards are met. We ensure the census captures all those living or using the land, regardless of status or gender and that replacement value compensation is provided.


IDC combines the various elements of the RAP including the project rationale, legislative review, socio-economic studies, valuations, replacement values, in-kind or in-cash options, the compensation framework, times, cost and management, all in compliance with the funding entities.

Conflict Mitigation

In some cases, issues arise that need negotiated settlements and additional measures to offset previous resettlements that have been poorly designed or inadequately implemented. IDC works with both the Project Affected Peoples (PAPs) and Project to address the issues and settle disputes.

RAP Baselines

Following the census, IDC undertakes a baseline study to capture socio-economic, health and cultural information to help inform of the key stakeholders, the resettlement approach and enable monitoring and evaluation of those affected post resettlement.

RAP Implementation

IDC facilitates the implementation of RAPs to ensure that cash compensation is paid, in-kind options are provided, capacity audits of potential service providers are undertaken, the process is captured and all grievances are resolved.

RAP Training

IDC recruits and trains up young nationals, governments and NGOs to international best practice in the multifarious skills sets that are required to undertake the resettlement process. IDC believes that more countries will want to take ownership of the RAP process as land acquisition laws change.

Other Services

Indigenous Issues

IDC has worked on indigenous issues since its inception. This includes funding, developing and facilitating multi-stakeholder workshops, supporting the development of UN guidelines, designing corporate tool kits, undertaking research and developing roadmaps to resolve land use conflicts.

Policy & Programme Development

Working with both the public and private sector IDC has: helped define policy to support socio-economic development; designed road maps to embrace multi-stakeholders participation; created programmes to enable that policy and facilitated training with those tasked with implementation.

Capacity Building

IDC has undertaken a myriad of corporate, government, and NGO capacity building sessions in social sustainability. These include general awareness of the impacts of projects and policies and providing practical skill sets for implementation.

Academic Research

All IDC projects start with desk-based research, legislative reviews, and comparative analysis with international guidelines, prior to primary data gathering in the field. Some IDC projects however are specifically aimed to inform on the social economic, cultural and political issues in their own right.

Methodologies Employed

  • Desk research
  • Stakeholder analysis
  • Participatory consultations
  • One on one interviews
  • Focus group discussions
  • Drama for development
  • Film and audio recordings
  • Data capture of all meetings
  • Grand matrix to capture big data
  • Capacity audits